Set up new HDD drive for Ubuntu

2 months ago

If you just install a new HDD to your Ubuntu. You posiblly cant use it right away. Here is how you use it.

 

Open your disks windows find the format partion. 

After you are done creating your partitions (most likely it will be just one ext4 data partition, since this is your additional storage drive), you need to permanently mount it.

At this step you already know what names your new partition(-s) have. If not sure, following command will remind you about existing drives and partitions on them:

sudo fdisk -l

This will output something like this (intentionally skipped /dev/sda system drive info):

Disk /dev/sda: 5.5 TiB, 6001175126016 bytes, 11721045168 sectors
Units: sectors of 1 * 512 = 512 bytes
Sector size (logical/physical): 512 bytes / 4096 bytes
I/O size (minimum/optimal): 4096 bytes / 4096 bytes
Disklabel type: gpt
Disk identifier: 400CBE60-FC0F-03A8-982F-03D0033FEA00

this

Device     Start         End     Sectors  Size Type
/dev/sda1   2048 11721039871 11721037824  5.5T Linux filesystem
//or this in other pc
Device     Boot Start       End   Sectors   Size Id Type
/dev/sdb1        2048 976769023 976766976 465,8G 83 Linux

Usually it in the last line

Output states, that your new partition is /dev/sdb1. Now you need to mount it to utilize it's precious space. To achieve this, you need to perform three simple steps:

2.1 Create a mount point

sudo mkdir /hdd

2.2 Edit /etc/fstab

Open /etc/fstab file with root permissions:

sudo nano /etc/fstab

And add following to the end of the file:

/dev/sda1 /hdd ext4 defaults 0 0

2.3 Mount partition

Last step and you're done!

sudo mount /hdd